The Rivoli Theatre in Camberwell is a superb 1940 palace with lots of original features and still showing a great range of movies to this day.
My experience at the cinema
The Rivoli Theatre in Camberwell – called Rivoli Cinemas these days – is palatial even today. It must have been phenomenal when it first opened in 1940.
It’s possibly my favourite vintage cinema (so far anyway) on this Vintage Victoria tour, and that has a lot to do with what hits you as you go through the front entrance to the building.
To the left as you enter is the old foyer, which is surely much as it was in 1940. Extraordinary decor: a fantastic staircase, split to curve up to the right and left with a fabulous lamp holder of a naked lady leaning back, arms aloft holding the shade; an old concierge kiosk with R lettering; lovely lounge area (did this have the log fire back in the 1940s?); and original toilets (nice floor tiles but otherwise nothing worth holding on for here, in the gents, anyway).
There’s also a beautiful ceiling and coving in gold and turquoise.
The Rivoli stands on one of six roads which lead into Camberwell Junction. My map of Melbourne suggests it is actually officially in Hawthorn East, but my historical searches always had it down as Camberwell’s cinema. The current owners – Village Cinemas – have done a great job retaining as many original features as possible and even trying to reproduce the original style when doing the most recent renovation in 2000.
Most cinema goers now rush to the counter for tickets and the usual paraphernalia and popcorn sold (annoyingly WITH your ticket these days, so slowing down the process when you arrive late for the movie, as we did). It’s not a bad counter to wait at, though, with beautiful mosaic behind the bar, making me wonder if this was the original milk bar when the Rivoli opened in 1940.
You go upstairs these days to the different screens, first of all to a mezzanine level (terrazzo) which must once have been the roof garden I heard talk of in the press clippings I found from 1940. There was a party going on there so we couldn’t hang out and enjoy the views over Camberwell, sadly.
But right across the road is a nice vintage feature: the oldest and longest running sole trader business in the area: Schwartz & Angelo. Mr Schwartz has a sign up saying he’s been there for 57 years and there’s some beautiful carved wood in the window. Shame we were there on a Sunday, because he’s closed that day.
The cinema has a Gold Class scheme, where you combine a film with a bite to eat in their rather attractive bar/restaurant. This was fully booked on the day we turned up, so we couldn’t even sit for a post film cup of tea, but we bought a decent brew from the ticket desk, and the lounge area, with lovely vintage furniture, made for a pretty good second best place to sit and reflect on how beautiful this cinema is.
The Rivoli has a good programme of films. A mix of mainstream and some Arthouse, made possible precisely because they made it an 8-screen venue.
Given the Vintage reason for our visit, we opted for a truly arty film in I, Claude Monet, in the Exhibition on Screen series, based on 2,500 letters from the Impressionist painter with contemporary images of the places he painted, followed by pictures on screen of the relevant places, and readings from correspondence that corresponded to that period in his life. A really nice experience to see such a film – Monet’s life ended 14 years before the Rivoli was built but most of the key dates of his life have a resonance for Vintage Victoria.
$20 a ticket
Toilets – vintage toilets by the old foyer
Book a Gold Class ticket for a bite to eat as well as the film.
Theatre 1 is the biggest and has the most original features. We didn’t get a glimpse, but one of the links below has posted a pic of the interior.
History and stories about the Rivoli Theatre, Camberwell
The Rivoli in Camberwell as we see it today replaced an older theatre which had been built in 1920. Its manager Robert McLeish had pioneered the concept of big movie theatres in Melbourne’s suburbs, defying assumptions that people wanted to go into the City for a night out.
The new Rivoli had 1644 seats, an electric organ built into the proscenium walls, air conditioning, a roof garden and a ‘special crying room for children’ – what a great idea that was, especially as it enabled mothers to carry on viewing the film from the room.
A feature on the new cinema in The Argus of 12 October 1940 (thanks to Trove as usual) explained that the roof garden was built as an ‘ideal place to relax during the interval.’ And you’d access the roof garden straight from the Dress Circle. Brilliant – and what’s even nicer is that this roof garden is still on the Rivoli in 2018.
The air con was designed to cool the auditorium evenly, but for winters, there were individual foot warmers for each seat (!), a log fire in the ‘lounge’. A milk bar was also installed – what a shame that isn’t there anymore, though my hunch is that the bar where you buy tickets today, which has a beautiful vintage mosaic on the wall, might just be the old milk bar – can anyone confirm?
Opening night – a special charity gala for the Red Cross – on 11 October 1940 was a comedy thriller starring Bob Hope: “The Ghost Breakers”. Many Rivoli reviews speak of “French without Tears”, as being on the opening night and this was indeed the first scheduled programme on for a week – a film directed, oddly enough, by the son of a British PM Asquith, but it began on the second night of screenings.
The Rivoli in Camberwell opened its doors in this building in 1940, just as World War 2 was starting to get nasty. The war apparently was having a negative impact on the supply of films from America (presumably partly the risk of U-boats sinking supply ships), so the owner of the Rivoli decided to make the theatre a venue for stage performances as much as for films.
Radio recordings and records were made on the stage at the Rivoli. You could even see ballet live on stage in those days.
Robert Menzies may not have been PM yet, but he was making rallying cries from the stage at the Rivoli in 1943 to raise funds for the war effort, with words like these: “My tax is three times what it was before the war, but I regard myself as the luckiest man on earth in paying it to an Australian and British Government, and not to a German or Japanese Government”. Rousing words indeed, and hard to imagine a Liberal saying that in 2018 – I wonder what sum he raised.
After the war, for three years in a row, workers from the film and theatre industries came to the Rivoli to pack food parcels for their counterparts in Britain, where rationing was still in full swing.
There were lots of Christian Science lectures at the Rivoli in the 1940s and 50s – did the owner have a connection?
There were also lots of robberies reported taking place near the Rivoli, I guess in days when Camberwell was a little less gentrified than it is today. But I liked the 1955 story of the thieves who tried to dynamite the Rivoli safe one night. They made a hash of it, the safe door lock got stuck, and they had to leave with nothing…
In 1968 the Rivoli was split into a twin screen cinema, and then in 2000, it became a multi-plex, but even that massive change was done without destroying many of the original features. In fact, the information plaque by the ‘Lounge’ suggests that in 2000, efforts were made to restore some of the original features and colour schemes in the theatre.
People linked to this place
Nobody particularly stood out for me in connection with the Rivoli, so I thought I’d pick a nice little story to see if this triggers any memories for anyone, and I wonder if this lady herself has any family tales to tell relating to the story…
In September 1955 a Denise Devereux (of Smith Street Richmond) won a Morris Minor at the cinema raffle. But she was only 9 weeks old so born in July 1955, which would make her 63 now. I’d love to hear from Denise and know what happened to the Morris Minor…
Other links and writings on the Rivoli Cinemas
The Cinema Treasures website has a brief entry on the Rivoli dating back to 2009.
I love the ghost stories about the Rivoli in this ABC article – who was the Man in Row P or the old lady in the foyer?
The Victorian Heritage Council entry on the Rivoli has the usual architectural and factual details.
The Oh What Larks blogpost dates from 2008, but they managed a photo of the main auditorium at the Rivoli.
The Herald Sun newspaper did a nice piece in 2015 to mark the Rivoli’s 75th anniversary.
The RDO blogger sounds as if they have a similar approach to me, with a love of art deco and coffee.
This eating blogger tried the meal after the movie at the Rivoli so for an idea of what Gold Class means, go here…
What are your memories of the Rivoli?
Do you have memories of a first date at the Rivoli many moons ago? Or were you a regular in the days when it was just one big screen before 1968? If so, which part of the cinema did you sit in?
Anyone any ideas on those Christian Science connections in the 40s and 50s?
What’s the best film you ever saw at the Rivoli?
And of course if anybody knows about Denise Devereux who won that Morris Minor as a baby in 1955, do get in touch…
Coffee before the pic or after?
Best coffee in Camberwell may well be at the MOB, which stands for My Other Brother. They get their coffee from Inglewood Roastery and it makes for a lovely smooth coffee. For tea we had wanted to go to Pinki Pinki Tea, just a short walk from the Rivoli, but they were closed on the Sunday we were there. So we went for a take away tea from the kiosk and had it in the lovely lounge – not a bad outcome in such a wonderful space.
11 thoughts on “Rivoli Cinemas, Camberwell”
My name is Ted Bradley, I was an usher at the Rivoli Theatre from 1966 to 1967, I did 3 showings a week, Tuesday Nights, Saturday Matinees and Saturday Nights, I was paid $3.00 a session. The manager at that time the was Mr. Mac (never new his surname) One Saturday night after the show was over with the theatre empty we hauled to new 70mm projectors up the projectionists stair well to the projection room, they extremely heavy, I have great memories from there.
Thanks for commenting Ted and those kind of memories are exactly what this site is all about. Lucky you having a job in such a fabulous palace – even if sometimes the work was a bit heavy…
I designed that Mosaic Mural many years ago, probably in the 90’s if I recall. Was doing freelance work for Village Roadshow at the time. LOL
Well it fits in well with the rest of the cinema, Mike, so in my book, that’s a job well done! Thanks for posting the comment
Mike, you are a liar. You weren’t even born when the mural was made, let alone designed.
Achilles Tremistigus Jones,
The mural on the ground floor behind the ticket counter and snack bar was a new addition by Village in 1998 or 1999 when they took over the Rivoli and multiplexed it.
It was not there in the original single screen building
Mike is absolutely telling the truth and is not a liar!
Saturday arvo down at The Riv.!! On the edge of your seat, absorbed in the latest Tarzan movie which always ended at a cliff-hanger so you’d come back next Saturday arvo…
My husband Brian Scott & I had an Art Deco wedding at the Rivoli on May 27, 2000.
After having bought our deco home and become involved in the Art Deco Society we started thinking about what sort of wedding we wanted, and, knowing that a traditional church wedding probably wasn’t the way we wanted to go, what could be better than a Deco wedding!
Initial thoughts in the regard centred on the Astor, as we knew that it was available for private functions, but although we made some initial enquiries it was all a bit too difficult due to the popularity of the cinema and the increase in the number of session times (previously no Saturday matinees but added in 1997-98). This left us with limited options i.e. mornings (and the bride-to-be was definitely not a morning person) or booking the cinema out during one of it’s normal session times (very expensive!).
We were inspired to resuscitate our wedding plans after attending the annual Napier (NZ) Art Deco weekend in 1999. We were then fortunate to have some of our SADV friends with Village Roadshow “connections ” suggest that these owners/developers of the Rivoli might be open to the idea of using the Rivoli as a wedding venue, prior to its opening but once all major work had been completed. A contact name was given to us to this end and the rest ,as they say is history.
Village Roadshow were most enthusiastic about the idea and it was eventually agreed that the wedding would take to place 2-3 weeks after the initial opening (as this would possibly give them some follow up publicity after the initial fanfare of the Rivoli’s return). At that stage (Aug-Sept. 1999), the planned opening date was still somewhat unclear so whilst we could begin to make some plans nothing could be firmly locked in. however we did know we were able to have access to the entire upstairs foyer of the main cinema and Village would oblige by ensuring that there was no session running at the time of the ceremony, with the proviso that we were out by 4 pm so they could resume normal functions.
The first indication of opening dates we were given was late March, which quickly moved to April and then this finally became May (initially the first week, & ultimately the last week). Recurrent delays were primarily a consequence of ongoing disputes within the building industry, and was very frustrating for both Village, The Deco Society (who wanted run a function in association with the wedding), and for us. We worked everything out on the basis that we could flexible up to the time the invitations were sent out, which we felt had to be a minimum of 6 weeks beforehand to give guests adequate notice.
An April date seemed fairly certain for a while so we set about booking a celebrant – a wonderful chap called Robert Ross. Having done this however, we were then asked by Village if we could possibly change the intended date as their opening was going to be once again delayed. This was how we finally came to the May 27 date, 2.30 pm. Fortunately our celebrant was still available on this new date.
THE DAY ITSELF
original but don’t no exact history; likely to have been late 30s or early 40s based on various design elements identified in reference books of clothing of the period; ivory fabric identified as a very early rayon (one of the first synthetic fabrics to be in common use) with a fine “embossed” surface pattern, full length, V-point sleeves, buttoned to elbow with small V-panels in front of both shoulders and large V-panel in back; the 2 panels in front bodice which crossed over and were pleated to give a very “modest” V-neckline; the dress was fitted to waist then very soft falling full length skirt and train; no alterations required but old metal side zip replaced with a concealed zip (zip was probably not original anyway
Grey tails, black pumps, white shirt, silk tie, spats, top hat (actually had 2 pairs of spats – one a hire pair and the other made by his mother)
Optional Art Deco dress code for guests; among our geusts were 26 attendees from the Deco Society , all resplendent in Deco finery; a number of other guest also made an effort to come in appropriate garb (while not compulsory and not a fancy dress wedding per se) – invited guests were all provided some written information to assist them in knowing what might be suitable and what was not if they wanted to dress for the era (boas and gangster suits were both on the Definitely Not list)
bridal entry to Gershwin’s “Summertime”
During Ceremony: members of the former St. Vincent’s Hospital Choir (and friends) sang ‘Blue Skies’ and ‘The very Thought of You while Nina Hanna (solist) sang ‘All the things you Are’
After Ceremony: while champagne and canapes were served guests were entertained by Pearl Kirk & Craig Schneider performing a variety of songs on the theme of love an marriage from the 30s and 40s.
A MODERN TOUCH
We were possibly the first couple in the world to lodge a digital marriage certificate utilising encrpted digital signatures for both us & our 2 witnesses! (we also have a ‘traditional’ marriage certificate). Details of our ‘silicon ceremony’ were published in the Business Age on Tuesday 13 June 2000 in a piece by Jenny Sinclair – “ITSilicon ceremony (click yes, no, cancel)”. Instead of putting pen to paper, all parties typed in secret PIN numbers to activate their digital certifications of the marriage contract.
It was then lodged digitally with the Registry Office.AS the Deco era was all about innovation and new ways of doing things this idea wasn’t incompatible with the overall concept of our wedding,
What a fantastic idea, Julie. Thanks so much for sharing it with us. I’m developing an idea for a podcast to go with this website at the moment. Might come back to you to interview you for that in the not too distant (post COVID19 restrictions) future.
I remember the organ (a Hammond) in a box to the left (facing the screen) of the proscenium. It used to be played between shows and at intervals by a wizard of the keyboard, Laurie Wilson, and subsequently Bruce Ardley..(whom I subsequently got to know, and who died fairly recently).
When the organ was no longer being used at the cinema, I once arranged to hire the instrument for use in a review at Melbourne University. We took the console as well as a huge board behind the screen with speakers attached.
It was a delight to play.
Thanks for sharing those memories of the Rivoli organ, Brian. On the few occasions I have been lucky enough to hear an organ at the cinema it has been an amazing experience