This 1930 conversion of an older building in the centre of Melbourne gives Block Court Arcade an art deco feel. Not so many quirky shops, but this arcade has a bank branch in the middle of it.

My experience in the arcade

Arcade lovers in Melbourne head straight for those majestic 19th century beauties, the Royal and Block Arcades, but Block Court is like a cheeky little sister, sitting right by the Block Arcade and probably missed by many, who may even contest that it is barely an arcade at all.

The thing is Block Court was created in 1930 out of an existing Victorian building, and it is claimed to be Melbourne’s first art deco interior.

It is also a bit of a surreal experience to go through the arcade, because one minute you are walking through the entrance, over beautiful tiled floors, with name lettering in a similar style to what you’ll see in the Royal and Block, but the next minute you’re joining a queue for the ATM and being welcomed by friendly bank staff…

You see, the Bendigo Bank has a branch right slap bang in the middle of Block Court, so once you go through the sliding doors from the arcade entrance, there you are inside a bank branch, even though the ceiling decoration and the tiled floor are just a continuation of the arcade from the street side.

Through to the other side of the bank is a dog leg turn towards the lane that leads to Block Arcade, and that’s it. That is Block Court.

A couple of big retail outlets have stores in the arcade, though they actually front onto Collins Street these days. I wonder if there were once more smaller shops inside this arcade? If my searches on Trove are accurate, there used to be lots of small business in Block Court, so I wonder how long that Bendigo Bank branch has been in place? Surely not since 1858, which you might think from looking at the ornate Bank logo on the wall by one entrance to Block Court. We know that can’t be the start date for the bank branch since the whole building was the home of the Athenaeum Club until 1930.

There is also the entrance to the Charles Dickens Tavern, which looks pretty vintage itself, though it too is probably a modern addition. And there is the staircase and lift up to higher floors in this building – I didn’t poke my nose around too much, but I rather liked the old letter boxes lining the stairs as you turn up from the ground floor.

But this is no longer an arcade with lots of quirky little shops. There is that Bendigo Bank branch and then you’re through to the back of my favourite Block Arcade shop, the Dr Seuss book and art shop, so you are faced with photos of The Cat in the Hat and The Grinch, and then the path turns sharp right to hit the lane leading to Block Arcade itself. The Charles Dickens Tavern seems to serve coffee under the watchful eye of Dr Seuss characters (but they don’t use one of the local coffee roasters I’m fond of, so I gave this a miss).

So Block Court is more an arcade where you come to admire the internal décor. The floor tiles are beautiful, the lettering with Block Court’s name stylish and colourful, the engraved copper-coloured coving with some interesting designs I couldn’t quite make out, and then a hint of a Yorkshire rose back above the main entrance to the arcade in Collins Street.

There may be no quirky shops in Block Court, but you can’t get much quirkier than having a High Street bank branch in the middle of an arcade, and the bank has got into the vintage spirit by placing some old documents in the display windows of the branch.


Access from Collins Street or via the laneway that leads off Block Arcade. You can walk through the Bendigo Bank branch, and they seem pretty used to admirers taking photos of their rather stunning interior.

No toilets in this arcade.

History and stories about Block Court Arcade

Block Court is a little different from other arcades in Melbourne in that it was created in an already existing building from the later 19th century. This building in Collins Street was home to the Athenaeum Club, but in 1930 underwent a massive overhaul to carve out the Block Court arcade and create this walk-through shopping area under the existing storeys of the five or six floor building.

From The Herald in February 1930 courtesy of Trove website

Press articles when the renovation was underway in early 1930 claimed the scheme embodied ‘the latest ideas from America and the Continent!’. It was also planned for nine shops, far more than there are today in Block Court.

It’s hard to visualise how the Block Court arcade looked when it first opened in 1930. The various press clippings I found on Trove’s website mention a good range of shops having their home in Block Court, from ‘The Tender Joint’ butchers, through various ladies’ clothes boutiques to several coffee shops and tea rooms (or did the latter actually sit in the lane way that joins back to Block Arcade?). And some must, I guess, have been upstairs, though surely not the butcher’s (somehow going upstairs for your meat sounds extremely unlikely…).

I’d love to know more about the Dutch chef who ran Ye Olde Dutch Café in Block Court, and where exactly was this place? It sounded like a popular joint in the 1930s and 40s. The chef’s culinary skills were much appreciated by locals, it seems, but I wonder what his Dutch speciality was? All I could find out was that his name was probably Hoppe…

And I loved the story from 1940, just a few weeks after the Dutch had surrendered to the Nazi invasion in May, and Queen Wilhelmina had fled to London to start her radio broadcasts against the new regime there. The Dutch community in Australia wanted to continue the long-held tradition of marking the Queen’s Birthday in August, so ‘Netherlanders in Victoria’ were all invited to Ye Olde Dutch Café in Block Court to demonstrate loyalty to Queen Wilhelmina. Must have been an emotional day in the Block Court.

Block Court arcade had not been open long when disaster hit one of its tenants. William ‘Harry’ Zacher owned a women’s hair salon in Block Court, but was an amateur pilot in his spare time – this was in 1935, when flying was a relatively new thing, and accidents did happen. Poor Mr Zacher’s Moth collided in mid air over Essendon Fields with another light aircraft. The other pilot miraculously survived unscathed, but not Mr Zacher.

In its early days, in the 1930s, Block Court was clearly frequented by a certain class of Melbourne society: the South Melbourne Younger Set, the Ladies Benevolent Society, plus arty types who exhibited in cafés there, along with the Society of Australian Authors.

That links in nicely to may last story out of Block Court arcade…

I liked the 1954 story of an early example of self-publishing. ‘Budding author’ Bob Crawford had written a book but had no takers for getting it into print, so he printed it out himself and began displaying it – at one page a day – in a disused showcase in Block Court. Was this by any chance the same Bob ‘King’ Crawford who subsequently (1972-1987) became Melbourne’s Superintendent of the Arts?

Other links and writings on Block Court Arcade

This Melbourne Heritage Action group list Block Court Arcade as one their favourite art deco interiors, and claim it was Melbourne’s first.

The Victorian Heritage website has the National Trust’s entry for Block Court Arcade.

The Melbourne Pen Depot was a 1960 tenant of Block Court.

The Building Designers Association of Victoria gave the architects who restored Block Court Arcade in 2017 an award for their work, but the link I found won’t work for me at the moment.

What are your stories and memories of Block Court Arcade?

Are you a regular at the bank branch in the arcade or do you go through Block Court to get to Block Arcade?

Was there a shop you used to love which is no longer there? And does anybody have their own memories of Block Court Arcade or want to share a recent experience in the arcade?

Can anybody help with answers to my queries about Ye Old Dutch Cafe in Block Court? Or confirm whether budding author Bob Crawford in the 1950s was the same guy as Bob ‘King’ Crawford in the 1970s-80s?

Coffee in the arcade?

I would probably nip round the corner into Block Arcade and have a coffee in the Hopetoun Tea Rooms…


20 thoughts on “Block Court Arcade – Melbourne

  1. The back half of the arcade first became a shop in the 1990s, covering all the great decoration, and you couldnt walk though it any more. Then it was sort of restored in 2016, putting the shopfront surrounds back, uncovering the floor and ceiling, to form a very odd branch of the bank of melbourne !

  2. Downies Coin and Stamp dealers was there for many years and above the court on the mezzanine floor, Sol Photeos had a show room for buttons and beads.

  3. Hi, my grandmother was a milliner and worked in Block Court. Her name was Hannah Illman, and the lady who owned the hat shop was Claire (not sure of spelling) Cupid (not related to Cupid’s Millinery, as I have checked). I would love to find some photos of the shop which was called “Stella”. I remember it well. Very glamorous. I used to have lunch with my Nan in her workroom upstairs. Not at all glamorous! The years I visited her there would have been 1969-1971 when I had my first job in stockbroking, before I moved to St Kilda Road working in insurance. Would love any information you may have. Many thanks. Kind regards, Jennifer Johnson (nee Illman)

    1. My mum (along with her best friend at the time) worked there in the 60s, Jennifer.
      I still have her hat making block.
      I wonder whether the owner was actually Stella Long (just found a reference to her whilst doing some rough Googling)??


      1. Hi David – it is interesting, as I am sure that Claire’s shop was called Stella and it was in Block Court. And yes, there was a Stella Long Millinery in Block Arcade. Seems crazy to have two millinery shops the same name in two arcades next to each other. I need to do some more researching – hopefully with someone who has information on shops in Block Court. By the way and out of interest, what was your Mum’s name? And her friend? I know that an Ann Dunn worked in the Stella Long shop. And there was a Lily who worked with my Nan (Hannah Illman). And another lady but I don’t recall her name. Cheers Jennifer

        1. Hi Jennifer – thanks for the reply.
          OK, I’m a bit confused now. My sister thinks that mum worked where Haighs Chocolates is now. I’ll need to have another chat with her about it all – I could be barking up the wrong tree. Anyway, my mum’s name was Judith Pope / Williams and her friend was Judith Hayes / Roberts (two Judys).
          I live in Sydney and took a walk through the Arcade when I was down recently ….. that’s what has sparked my interest in it all.

          1. Hi David – yes, I agree, getting a bit confusing! But now my interest is well and truly piqued. I will contact Ann Dunn and see if she can furnish any more info. And I will research more on shops in Block Court back in 1960’s. Will be in touch when I can get some information. Look forward to hearing from you if you can find out anything too. Many thanks. Cheers Jennifer

          2. Hi David-I have had a chat with Ann Dunn and have some info (which will add to the confusion I’m afraid!). Ann worked for Norman Shepherd, hat wholesalers, for 2 years and then moved to Ann Austin Hats (owner’s name is Thelma Prentice) for 2 years in the early 1950’s. Ann Dunn (was Ann Cunningham) back then is now 85. The interesting bit is that Ann Austin (model hats) was located where Haigh’s is now in Block Arcade. Ann was quite adamant about that. She has heard of Stella Long but not sure where the shop was located. She doesn’t recall anything about a shop in Block Court called Stella (where my Nan worked). Ann did add that the name Judy Pope rings a bell. No further advanced I’m afraid. I need to do some more digging. Any luck with your sister? Cheers, Jennifer

          3. Hi Jennifer – Ann Austin is the commonality – well done !!
            And yes, Ann Austin was located where Haighs is now.
            Between my sister and myself, we have confirmed that our mum worked for Ann Austin, and we had heard a number of stories in our early years about “Miss Prentice”.
            It’s interesting that Ann Dunn is now 85 years – if my mum was still alive she’d be turning 84, so very much the same era.
            Thanks very much for your follow-up work.
            As an aside, googling Ann Austin / Thelma Prentice tossed up some interesting results – including an original piece on Ebay !!!!

          4. Hi David
            So glad we have a piece of the puzzle solved! I now need to find out about the shop “Stella”. Interesting re your Googling and an Ann Austin hat found on eBay. I need to do the same. Will be in touch when (and if) I can get more information. Cheers Jennifer

    2. My wedding hat was made at Stella Millinery in 1983
      They also made the hats for my 2 bridesmaids and my mother. I still have mine 40 years on 😁

      1. Hi Therese – that’s a great achievement, still having your wedding hat from 40 years ago. I am not sure if my Nan was still working at Stella in 1983. She was probably retired by then. Don’t suppose you remember who you bought the hat from? Was it a Claire? Cheers Jennifer

  4. There was 2 bridal veil shops a jewellery shop a camera shop ,childrens wearshop and Ceylon tea rooms down stairs at the Collins street entrance in the early 60s .and the lifts were operated by a pulley rope.

  5. The downstairs/underground restaurant/cafeteria in the 80s, with the staircase that ran down from the Elisabeth St entrance. Can anyone remember what that was called?

  6. I have a photo of my grandparents and my mother taken around early 1950’s by Centenary Movie Snaps that were on the 3rd floor Block court 288-292 Collins Street Melbourne. Their phone was Central 5867

  7. I bought my wedding veil and head piece from a shop in Block Arcade in early 1965. The shop seemed to be run by 2 ladies (possibly sisters) who were aa bit eccentric. They always had dogs in the shop – I think white West Highland terriers). I would love to know more about these ladies as it was the place to have wedding headwear designed at that time.

    1. Lovely story, Ingrid. I hope somebody reads your comment and has more information on those sisters and their shop and dogs!

    2. Hi Ingrid – this is a great coincidence! I just recently found the receipt for along service leave payment to my Nan, Hannah Illman, who worked as a milliner from 1949 to 1967 full time, and then part time until the mid-70’s I think. The shop front was actually called “Claire” (in Block Court, not Block Arcade) and owned by a spinster Stella Cupit (she had a sister and they lived in an old mansion in Kew). I used to visit my nan in the early 70’s in her workroom on the 2nd floor (I think) and often popped into the shop. I don’t recall any dogs though. I am wondering if the shop you are referring to is Stella Millinery in Block Arcade? They were known for bridal wear, whereas I think “Claire” was more society hats (I think). Not much help. I guess. I would dearly love to know more of “Claire”. Cheers Jennifer

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